Louis Philippe I
Born 6th October 1773 in the Palais Royal, Paris
Died 26th August 1850 in Claremont, Surrey
Louis Philippe I was King of the French from 1830 to 1848 as the leader of the Orléanist party. His father Louis Philippe II, Duke of Orléans had supported the Revolution of 1789 but was guillotined during the Reign of Terror. Louis Philippe spent 21 years in exile. He was proclaimed king in 1830 after Charles X was forced to abdicate. His reign, known as the July Monarchy, was dominated by wealthy elite. He followed conservative policies in 1840-48. He promoted friendship with Britain and sponsored colonial expansion, notably the conquest of Algeria. His popularity faded and he was forced to abdicate in 1848; he lived out his life in exile in Great Britain.
Used by Louis-Philippe in a speech (January 1843) to express friendly relations between France and England
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