Judy Garland (born Frances Ethel Gumm; June 10, 1922 – June 22, 1969) was an American singer, actress, and vaudevillian. She was renowned for her contralto vocals and attained international stardom that continued throughout a career spanning more than 40 years as an actress in musical and dramatic roles, as a recording artist, and on concert stages.
From an early age, Garland struggled in her personal life. The pressures of adolescent stardom sent her to a psychiatrist at age 18. Her self-image was influenced by film executives who said she was unattractive and manipulated her on-screen physical appearance. She was plagued by financial instability, often owing hundreds of thousands of dollars in back taxes. She married five times, with her first four marriages ending in divorce. She also had a long addiction with drugs and alcohol, which ultimately led to her death from a barbiturate overdose at the age of 47.
Garland's most famous role was as Dorothy in The Wizard of Oz (1939).
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