On This Day - February 13th

Home » Latest News » On This Day - February 13th
763px-E_pur_si_muove

On Sunday 13th February. 1633, Galileo Galilei arrived in Rome for his trial before the Inquisition.

Galileo, born on 15th February 1564, was an Italian polymath and a central figure in the transition from natural philosophy to modern science and in the transformation of the scientific Renaissance into a scientific revolution.

His championing of heliocentrism, in which Earth and the other planets revolve around the Sun, was controversial during his lifetime, when most subscribed to either geocentrism or the Tychonic systems, which had Earth as the centre of the Universe. He met with opposition from astronomers, who doubted heliocentrism because of the absence of an observed stellar parallax.

The matter was investigated by the Roman Inquisition in 1615, which concluded that heliocentrism was "foolish and absurd in philosophy, and formally heretical since it explicitly contradicts in many places the sense of Holy Scripture."

Galileo defended his views in Dialogue Concerning the Two Chief World Systems, which appeared to attack Pope Urban VIII and thus alienated him and the Jesuits, who had both supported Galileo up until this point. He was tried by the Inquisition, found "vehemently suspect of heresy", and forced to recant. He spent the rest of his life under house arrest.

While under house arrest, he wrote one of his best-known works, Two New Sciences, in which he summarised work he had done some forty years earlier on the two sciences now called kinematics and strength of materials.

Galileo died, having been suffering fever and heart palpitations, on 8th January 1642, aged 77.

Our question for today is this — at what speed is planet Earth travelling in its orbit around the Sun?

Click here for the answer

We are travelling at approximately 19 miles / 30km per second — or 67,000mph / 110,000kmh.

popular recent storiesAlso in the news

Road closed ahead, roadworks, road closure
Sun 11 Nov 6:07am  |  hits: 1,420

Ed : We have received this information from Buerton Parish Council, about potential road works on the A525 Woore Road16th NovemberOn Friday, 16th November adjacent to Smithy House Farm, Woore Road there will be traffic lights in operation for tree cutting.22nd NovemberOn Thursday, 22nd November between the Firs Farmhouse and Buerton House, temporary lights will be in operation for...

RW investiture 2a
Mon 12 Nov 6:09am  |  hits: 1,004

The ceremony took place on November 7th at Tatton Park, performed on behalf of the Queen by HM Lord-Lieutenant of Cheshire, Mr David Briggs MBE.Ralph's description of the event — I was invited to attend Her Majesty's Lord Lieutenant of Cheshire to become a member of the Order of British Empire and to receive my medal from him on behalf of The Queen.The ceremony took place on...

ADCA logo
Tue 13 Nov 6:09am  |  hits: 704

It was reported to last week's Parish Council meeting that, unfortunately, ADCA did not receive this year's core funding of £7,500 from Cheshire East Council. This year competitive bidding for funding disadvantaged small charities like ADCA and funding has instead been awarded to a large Cheshire based organisation. ADCA is now legally challenging the process of tendering in this...