On this day - December 4th

Home » Latest News » On this day - December 4th
nicholas breakspear

Nicholas Breakspear, the one and only English Pope, elected.

Nicholas was born in 1100 at Abbots Langley in Hertfordshire . Breakspear's father Robert was a clerk who later became a monk at St Albans Abbey in the same county, but the son was refused a place there when he applied, supposedly being told to continue his studies and become a more worthy candidate.

After studies at Merton Priory Nicholas went to France, spending some time in St Denis and other foundations before joining the Augustinian Abbey of St Rufus in Avignon in 1130. Here he was elected abbot in 1137. As abbot his strictness eventually led to complaints directly to Pope Eugenius III, but this only helped his continued rise, the Pope seeing his capabilities and making him Cardinal Bishop of Albano in 1146.

Between 1152 and 1154 Cardinal Breakspear was in Scandinavia as papal legate, reorganizing the church, facilitating the collection of "Peter's Pence", and earning more fame as "Apostle of the North." By the time he returned to Rome in 1154 Eugenius had died and been replaced by Anastasius IV, who at ninety was bound to have a short tenure.

When Anastasius died on December 2nd that same year, Nicholas Breakspear was hastily and unanimously elected Pope, on December 4th 1154, taking the name Adrian IV.

His papacy was less successful than his career before it. Adrian squandered the chance to unite the Catholic and Orthodox churches. He backed the Byzantines in a war they lost with the Normans in Sicily. His Papal Bull granting Henry II of England dominion over Ireland has had repercussions ever since it was granted. And he was in conflict with Holy Roman Emperor Frederick I almost from the day in 1155 when Adrian crowned him to 1st September 1159, when the only English Pope died

popular recent storiesAlso in the news

lovatt 02-12-2018
Mon 03 Dec 6:09am  |  hits: 1,453

I am sure most people in Audlem will already be aware that charges have now been made in relation to my husbands death.Although this is only the start of a very long journey to secure justice for Adam, I really wanted to thank The Cheshire Police for their ongoing support, professionalism and thoroughness. I am now convinced that once the judicial process has ended the truth can finally be...

New Post Office
Fri 07 Dec 6:05am  |  hits: 1,199

The Post Office has sadly been robbed this Thursday so please please be vigilant...The Incident has been logged with the police and we ask that if anyone sees a man matching the following description, please report it using the incident reference number: 261290Roughly 5ft 2inches in height, Eastern European (we think)Short trimmed beardWhite parka jacket with fur, gold jewellery, black...

Audlem Methodist Church
Fri 07 Dec 6:03am  |  hits: 782

Saturday 8th December Ed: just a reminder from Christina LawsonThere will be a Festive Coffee Morning at Audlem Methodist Church, tomorrow Saturday 8th December from 10am to 12.30pm. Festive fruit punchcoffee, tea and hot chocolatemince pies and cake stalls for cakes, secondhand books and decorations tombola and raffleseveral charity stalls All welcome. Proceeds in...