By Webteam - 4th December 2018 6:01am
Nicholas Breakspear, the one and only English Pope, elected.
Nicholas was born in 1100 at Abbots Langley in Hertfordshire . Breakspear's father Robert was a clerk who later became a monk at St Albans Abbey in the same county, but the son was refused a place there when he applied, supposedly being told to continue his studies and become a more worthy candidate.
After studies at Merton Priory Nicholas went to France, spending some time in St Denis and other foundations before joining the Augustinian Abbey of St Rufus in Avignon in 1130. Here he was elected abbot in 1137. As abbot his strictness eventually led to complaints directly to Pope Eugenius III, but this only helped his continued rise, the Pope seeing his capabilities and making him Cardinal Bishop of Albano in 1146.
Between 1152 and 1154 Cardinal Breakspear was in Scandinavia as papal legate, reorganizing the church, facilitating the collection of "Peter's Pence", and earning more fame as "Apostle of the North." By the time he returned to Rome in 1154 Eugenius had died and been replaced by Anastasius IV, who at ninety was bound to have a short tenure.
When Anastasius died on December 2nd that same year, Nicholas Breakspear was hastily and unanimously elected Pope, on December 4th 1154, taking the name Adrian IV.
His papacy was less successful than his career before it. Adrian squandered the chance to unite the Catholic and Orthodox churches. He backed the Byzantines in a war they lost with the Normans in Sicily. His Papal Bull granting Henry II of England dominion over Ireland has had repercussions ever since it was granted. And he was in conflict with Holy Roman Emperor Frederick I almost from the day in 1155 when Adrian crowned him to 1st September 1159, when the only English Pope died
popular recent storiesAlso in the news
Cheshire East Council has moved another step closer to realising its ambition to unlock the delivery of £180 million of investment into the regeneration of Crewe.A programme of interventions is being taken for engagement at a meeting of its environment and regeneration overview and scrutiny committee on Monday 19 October that aims to boost the local area's economy and to enable...
AudlemOnline received the sad news this morning of the death of Rodney Cottrell.Apparently Rod died peacefully in hospital at the age of 82.Rod was a very well-known personality on the Audlem scene and his ability to make things happen will be sorely missed by many village organisations.Further details about the funeral will be published when they are to...
Cheshire East Local Plan (draft SADPD) Consultation This is to ensure that members of our community are aware that the Cheshire East Council process has now agreed to consult on what is a third version of the Draft Sites Allocation Development Plan Document (SADPD); the consultation is due to commence on Monday 26 October.This latest proposal now suggests removal of Local Service Centre...
Friday 23rd Oct
Thursday 22nd Oct
Hankelow Chapel Community Hall
Public Hall Annexe, Thornton Room
Public Hall Annexe Thornton Room