By Webteam - 15th June 2019 6:03am
The 15th of June 1215
Magna Carta is one of the great foundation stones of English law, and by extension of legal systems including that of the USA. Very little of Magna Carta remains in place in English law, but it established principles such as Habeas Corpus, the right to trial before conviction, freedom from torture, and the place of the monarch within rather than above the legal system.
King John was forced to sign Magna Carta after some of the land's most powerful nobles rose against him. John had given away territory in France in an attempt to establish his claim to the English throne and possession in Anjou and Normandy. In spite of this he then had more taken from him by the French king. These lands had been highly profitable, subsidising crown activities in England. John reacted to their loss by levying and increasing taxes at an alarmingly regular rate, partly to fill the gap and partly to finance projects to reconquer them. He also exploited the law to extort fines from the wealthy — for example using arcane and easily infringed forest law to pick the purses of wealthy landowners.
On June 10 1215 a band of barons who had reached the end of their patience with the king entered London , which in sympathy with them opened its gates wide to the rebels. To avert bloodshed John agreed to sign a document to be drawn up listing rights and privileges within his kingdom, a document largely based on one voluntarily created by Henry I in 1100.
John was in a position of weakness, and cynically regarded signing what became known as Magna Carta — the great charter — as merely a method of gaining time. On June 19 the rebel barons swore fealty to the king anew, but by the early autumn of 1215 the parties would indeed come to blows. But when John set his seal on the long and detailed document on June 15 on the island of Runnymede in the River Thames , he set in train forces of constitutional and legal authority that could not be revoked on a monarch's whim. Arguably Magna Carta can be seen as behind the differences that led to the Civil War four centuries later; and as a cornerstone of the American Constitution, making what has been done in Guantanamo Bay since 2001 so fundamentally shocking.
popular recent storiesAlso in the news
Many of our customers will be aware that when Adam died I threw myself into Training as an Aesthetics Nurse, alongside my Nursing NHS Job, which I love.Last week a Nurse Colleague and I launched a new Aesthetics Business- Shropshire AestheticsFrom September we will be providing safe Aesthetics treatments from Audlem and Shrewsbury.17th July at BraidsWe are hosting an Open Evening...
A part time odd jobs/handy person is wanted to help maintain our busy inland waterways marina and touring park, which is near Audlem, south Cheshire. The position would suit someone who has a wide range of DIY skills and who enjoys working outside. Working hours are 2 days per week from 9.30am to 5pm in the summer and 9.30pm to 4pm in the winter. Good rates of pay for the right...
Urgent repairs needed to St James ChurchYou may have noticed the stone masons working at St James Church, we are grateful for the money given by the community which has enabled us to start the necessary repairs.However we URGENTLY need further funds to enable new work which has come to light to be carried out without delay. As mentioned in the AudlemOnline article last week, we had...
Tuesday 16th Jul
Scout & Guide Hall
Audlem Town Hall
Audlem Town Hall
Audlem Town Hall