On This Day - 12th June

Home » Latest News » On This Day - 12th June

The 12th of June 1665

In 1664 the English captured what was until then New Amsterdam from the Netherlands, defeating Director-General Peter Stuyvesant. In March 1665 the colony was given to, and renamed in honour of, the Duke of York (the future James II ), Charles II 's brother — so it became New York City.

The chance for Dutch to become the world language was gone, to the despair of throat lozenge makers everywhere.

Richard Nicholls, originally from Ampthill in Bedfordshire, was appointed the colony's first governor, and on June 12 1665 he in turn appointed as New York's first mayor Thomas Willett or Willet — born in Norwich circa 1605 and educated in Ely — along with five aldermen, thus establishing a system still followed in New York to this day. The office of sheriff was also instituted happily for John Wayne.

Willett, sworn in on June 14, was a good choice to bring the English and Dutch populations together: he had moved to Leyden with his dissenting family as a boy before sailing to the Americas in 1632, where he enjoyed good relations with Dutch merchants and also showed skill in negotiating with Native American peoples. He served two consecutive one-year terms.

The deaths of both Willett and Nicholls demonstrate the continuing nature of the Anglo-Dutch conflict: Willett's end was seemingly hastened by his expulsion from New York when the Dutch briefly retook the city in 1673 — he died the following year; Nicholls predeceased him by two years, killed fighting the Dutch at the Battle of Southwold .

popular recent storiesAlso in the news

Audlem St James Church
Thu 15 Aug 6:09am  |  hits: 1,109

Margaret Wright Thornton passed away peacefully at home in Audlem on Saturday 10th August 2019 aged 87 years. Margaret Wright, beloved wife of Michael and a dearly loved mother and grandmother. Service of celebration at St James the Great Church, Audlem on Thursday 29th August 2019, at 1.00pm. Family flowers only please, donations to St James Church Restoration Fund and Audlem Charity...

cows, cow, farms, farming, rural, dairy
Sun 18 Aug 6:07am  |  hits: 920

Pete originally submitted this article to a national newspaper, but realising that he will reach a more appreciative, intelligent and responsible readership through AudlemOnline, he has allowed us to publish it here.Professor Frances Corner OBE, head of London college of Fashion and reputedly a vegan, has, upon taking up her new post at Goldsmiths, taken the decision to ban the consumption of...

sayyes
Fri 16 Aug 6:06am  |  hits: 818

It's peak wedding season and the popular TLC series 'Say Yes to the Dress' has just been recommissioned for a second series!Gok is back and the casting team are currently looking for bubbly brides-to-be who want to feature in the show. Filming for the new series take place in September and October 2019 and we're interviewing brides right now! For those wanting to apply they...